Duncan Tucker/Amnesty International

美洲:国际特赦组织对人权维护者和记者在2022年第一个月被杀害发出警告

今年1月,该地区至少有20名人权维护者和4名记者被杀, 2022年的第一个月再次表明,在拉丁美洲捍卫人权和新闻业的危险, said Amnesty International today.

“仅在一个月内就有20名人权捍卫者和4名记者被杀害,这令人震惊,并描绘了一幅可怕的画面,如果各国不采取紧急行动扭转这一趋势,美洲那些为人权大声疾呼的人今年将面临什么,” said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas Director at Amnesty International.

hg体育必须建设这样一个未来,在这个大陆捍卫人权并不意味着要冒生命危险. 各国必须采取紧急措施,确保该地区为捍卫人权和新闻独立提供安全和有利的空间, and that these cease to be lethal activities.”

杀戮恰恰发生在前几年被认为对捍卫人权最危险的国家:哥伦比亚有13起, three in Brazil and three in Honduras, while one human rights defender and four journalists have been killed in Mexico, the most lethal country on the continent for practicing journalism. Of the 20 human rights defenders killed, 18人参与捍卫与获得土地以及保护领土和环境有关的人权.

“States have an obligation to investigate the killings in a prompt, thorough, independent and impartial manner, 并以人权维护者的工作或新闻工作为主要调查对象. 消除这些案件中的有罪不罚现象对于为捍卫人权创造安全的环境和发出绝不容忍这些行为的明确信息至关重要,” said Erika Guevara-Rosas.

Honduras

On 9 January, two unidentified men killed Pablo Isabel Hernández, an Indigenous leader, social communicator, and human rights and environmental defender, while he was on his way to a church in the municipality of San Marcos de Caiquín, department of Lempira. According to the Committee of Relatives of the Detained/Disappeared of Honduras, Pablo had been the victim of multiple threats for his human rights work, in particular for his reports on the community radio station where he worked.

The following day, Thalía Rodriguez, a trans human rights defender, was killed in Tegucigalpa. Thalía carried out her activism through several organizations, including Asociación Kukulcán, Cattrachas, Colectivo Violeta and Cozumel Trans, among others, raising awareness of human rights, leading self-help groups and promoting labour alternatives to sex work for transgender women.

联合国人权事务高级专员办事处于1月22日报告了这一情况, Melvin Geovany Mejía, a territorial defender and member of the Tolupán Indigenous community, was found dead with gunshot wounds in the municipality of Morazán, department of Yoro.

Colombia

据发展与和平研究所(拉巴斯研究所), 13 human rights defenders were killed in Colombia in January, all of them linked to the defence of land, territory and the environment. In addition, 该研究所记录了13起大屠杀,导致生活在哥伦比亚农村地区的40人死亡.

在捍卫人权和独立新闻方面,hg体育地区仍然是最危险的,因为人权维护者和记者威胁到少数人的政治和经济利益,而国家面对其面临的暴力却无动于衷和疏忽

Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas director at Amnesty International

One of the defenders killed was Luz Marina Arteaga. Her body was found on 17 January, after she had been missing for five days. Luz Marina was a well-known defender of the rights of campesino communities in the department of Meta. Amnesty International had visited her home in the municipality of Puerto Gaitán in 2019. On that occasion, Luz Marina提到,由于国家的历史忽视,该地区的情况很复杂, which resulted in the invasion of Indigenous and campesino territories by illegal armed groups, contributing to a series of threats and attacks on social leaders in Meta.

The National Protection Unit had granted Luz Marina protective measures since April 2019. 然而,批准的措施大多是实质性的,并没有减少她面临的风险. 2019年10月,Luz Marina向检察官办公室报告了针对她的威胁,2020年,她通知国家保护股,其中一项措施在文化上不适合她居住的地区.

On 24 January, 捍卫生命和人权网络, TDVD) reported the killing of Albeiro Camayo Güetio, former regional coordinator of the Indigenous Guard in the Las Delicias reservation, municipality of Buenos Aires, in Cauca. According to information from the TDVD, Albeiro Camayo被怀疑是一个准军事组织成员向社区开枪打死,此前土著警卫队将他们驱逐出该地区.

Amnesty International has reported on the failed prevention and protection policies 造成了哥伦比亚保护人权维护者的不安全环境. 

“The protection of Indigenous, campesino 哥伦比亚的非洲裔社区是无效的,因为它没有解决暴力的结构性原因,而且往往没有那些处于危险中的人的适当参与. Defenders of communities at risk are constantly unprotected, and threats, 在这个被认为是世界上捍卫人权最危险的国家,袭击和杀戮不断发生,” said Erika Guevara-Rosas.

Brazil

On 9 January, 同一家族的三名成员的尸体在旧金山Xingú被发现,该家族以放生海龟和保护土地和环境闻名, Pará state. On 14 January, 联邦检察官办公室(MPF)说,这些事件是在该国环境保护主义者和人权维护者一再遭到攻击的情况下发生的. 强积金局还要求宪兵队提供关于为保护受害者家属而采取的措施的资料, as well as other human rights defenders in the region.

Mexico

The journalists José Luis Gamboa Arenas, Lourdes Maldonado, Alfonso Margarito Martínez Esquivel and Roberto Toledo were killed in January. hg体育认为,新闻工作只能在没有威胁的环境中自由进行, physical, psychological or moral aggression, or other acts of intimidation and harassment. The Mexican government must take concrete, prompt and effective measures to guarantee the lives and safety of journalists in Mexico, as well as to investigate these killings.

On 27 January, human rights defender Ana Luisa Garduño was killed in Temixco, Morelos. Ana Luisa was fighting for justice for the feminicide of her daughter. Amnesty International has shown that Mexico is a dangerous country for families seeking justice in cases of feminicide.

“在捍卫人权和独立新闻方面,hg体育的地区仍然是最危险的,因为人权捍卫者和记者威胁到少数人的政治和经济利益,而国家在面对暴力时仍然无动于衷和疏忽. It is time to act, otherwise lives will continue to be lost, 这些生命对于建立一个平等和公正的地区至关重要,在那里人权成为现实,” concluded Erika Guevara-Rosas.

For more information or to arrange an interview, contact Duncan Tucker: [email protected]